hellenistic culture in alexandria

hellenistic culture in alexandria

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I have two exhibits which I want to draw to your attention - one from the East Coast The Nature of Alexander the Great. His style was not elegant, and as a result, was not preserved in its entirety, but we still have six books more or less intact. Reservations: 415-393-0100 or email the Mechanics’ Institute. —. This blending became known as Hellenistic culture. Plutarch, The Age of Alexander. Despite its importance, however, few academic degrees are granted in the field of Hellenistic studies. Rajak, T. Translation and Survival: The Greek Bible of the Ancient Jewish Diaspora. Even though historians have largely neglected that era (a period longer than the existence of the United States of America), Alexandria in that time became the capital of Egypt, its major port, and then the major center of the widespread Hellenistic civilization lasting for one thousand years, until the Muslim conquest of Egypt in AD 641. The library became the center of Hellenistic literature and literary life. (43) During his life he had lived both in the country and in cities, and tried to bring both realities together to present a realistic picture of how people really lived and what they were confronted with on a daily basis. Diaspora: Jews Among Greeks and Romans. Bibliotheca Alexandrina As Alexander’s Empire dissolved and the Ptolemies established their control over Egypt and a few outlying areas, they were faced with many daunting challenges. Press, (forthcoming). Hellenistic monarchs like Ptolemy were very greedy and ruthless. (19) Thousands of papyri containing magical potions and spells have been found in Egypt.   The struggles of the Diodochi discouraged the writing of any poetry that was not purely fictional. In the Hellenistic Age, comedy and tragedy came together as one. 2:30 pm The Alexandria Center for the Hellenistic Studies Since its founding by Alexander the Great in 331 BCE, and for a period of over 600 years, Alexandria was the cultural capital of the world, especially during the Ptolemaic period. Alexander: The Conqueror. London, NY: Routledge, 2003. London: I. (Professor of Classics, Director of University Honors, Director of Lead Scholars, and Hellenistic art is richly diverse in subject matter and in stylistic development. (1993); Hellenistic Constructs: Essays in Culture, History, and Historiography (co-ed.) Why did Alexandria become a destination for so many people of all races, creeds, and professions? The number remains hazy, and some of the information dubious. Alexandria was the second-most important city in the Roman Empire, after Rome itself.It was named for its founder, Alexander the Great, who built the city after his conquest of Egypt (331 B.C.E.) She is also serving as Secretary of the Modern Greek Studies Association, the largest professional organization of faculty, graduate students and researchers in Modern Greek Studies in the U.S. and Canada. Synthesis and Panel Discussion with all Presenters and Written Questions from the Audience, Presenters "(36) Books were mostly purchased at huge book markets in places like Athens and Rhodes. Musee du Petit Palais. Ptolemy I was an intelligent man with good administrative skills. Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood's Reading of Sophocles' Antigone. Pollitt, Jerome J. 1 Obelisks and fountains - Greek culture in Hellenistic Egypt This is a lecture about Greek culture but I thought I'd start here in the United States. (40) But the greatest stars of Hellenistic Alexandria were the poets, whose work became very scholarly. Cartledge, Paul. Ptolemy I, his trusted friend and general, took his corpse there "to set the seal on the new capital,"(6) insisting that Alexander would have wanted it that way. The Hellenistic Age. Alexandria was the first great city of its time and people from everywhere went there for their own personal reasons. This talk will discuss some of the cultural strategies of the early Ptolemies, and, a few of their ramifications. Hellenistic Art: From Alexander the Great to Augustus. Life of Man, introduction by Allen Mandelbaum, 1958. Free He is Director Emeritus of Books for Asia of The Asia Foundation and President Emeritus of the Academy of Art San Francisco. (10) In the Hellenistic age, we get a sense of universalism in politics and a corresponding sense of individualism as the world expanded, and was linked by a common language (Greek koine). With traditional political religions no longer adequate, people turned to magic and mystery religions, with salvation or soteria, the object of their religious practises. Tsirkas, Stratis. Life had opened up in a lot of ways for a Hellenistic kosmopolites in terms of how they lived, where they could travel, and the gods they worshipped. Alexander the Great: Selections from Arrian, Diodorus, Plutarch, and Quintus Curtius. 2:00 pm – 6 pm Resource Materials This lecture employs this tale, however fictitious it may be, as an illuminating window on the place of Jewish culture in the life of Alexandria and on the relationship between Jewish intellectuals and the Hellenistic monarchy in Egypt. The Glory of Alexandria, Egypt from Alexander to Cleopatra, 1999. Arrian, The Campaigns of Alexander. Cohen, Ada. Art in the Hellenistic Age. San Francisco, CA 94104, The Rise and Fall of Alexandria: Birthplace of the Modern World, The American Research Center in Egypt ARCE) Northern California Chapter, page with summaries of lectures delivered at its membership meetings, https://humanitieswest.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/alexander.jpg, https://humanitieswest.net/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/hw-log-bl-300x60.png, Alexander/Alexandria: The Flowering of Hellenistic Culture | February 5 and 6, 2010. — and Pseudo-Callisthenes. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 2005. The first place to visit is the lighthouse He has lectured widely on the history and archaeology of ancient Macedonia, and has chaired the Lecture Program Committee of the Archaeological Institute of America, for which he has been an annual lecturer since 1975. Rajak, T. Translation and Survival: The Greek Bible of the Ancient Jewish Diaspora. There are, of course, innumerable biographies of Alexander the Great, but if you are looking for a short, readable, and lavishly illustrated introduction to his life and historical impact, try Alexander the Great: Son of the Gods by Alan Fildes and Joann Fletcher (Paperback, 2004; 176pp). (35) In the third book of Galen's Epidemics, he says that Ptolemy became so obsessed with the collection of books that he ordered any books found on ships docking in Alexandria confiscated and copied. New Haven: Yale U. neurosciences, Hellenistic period, Alexandria, neurophilosophy, erasistratus, herophilus Editorial The Hellenistic Erais a three century period of Mediterranean History, starting from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and lasting tothe final domination of Rome in 31 BC, after the battle of Action. Judaism and Hellenism in Antiquity. The American Research Center in Egypt ARCE) Northern California Chapter has a page with summaries of lectures delivered at its membership meetings, as well as links to selected Egypt websites. Ungaretti, Giuseppe. The discussion moderator will be Humanities West volunteer Lynn Harris. Though Alexandria’s original Library was destroyed long ago, For more information: commonwealthclub.org Gustave. The bulk of foreign trade passes through the port of Alexandria; excellent railroads and highways connect it to Cairo, the modern capital.(1). Cavafi, C. P. C. P. Cavafi: Collected Poems. This technology, therefore, became very useful for religious purposes and as a source of entertainment. Selected Resources, Compiled by Susan Petrakis, PhD The Conference will be held at the Acropolis Museum in Athens, on December 13-15, 2017. One poet writes of two women discussing why one of their husbands has vanished. They would not, however, give up their own religion, nor could they accept the prevailing Hellenistic culture with its … Just as its famous Pharos Lighthouse was a welcome sight for weary travelers, Alexandria acted as a beacon for merchants, curious tourists, religious prophets, and most importantly, the finest intellectual minds of the times. Ancient Greek Novels: The Fragments (with Jack Winkler, 1995); Seeing Double: Intercultural Poetics in Ptolemaic Alexandria(2003); Classics and National Cultures (With Phiroze Vasunia) will appear this year. As time went on, many wars were fought amongst Alexander's generals, who were known as the Diodochi. Fergus Millar, Ed., London and NY: Routledge, 2000. Press, 2008. Ada Cohen (Art History, Dartmouth College). There are, of course, innumerable biographies of Alexander the Great, but if you are looking for a short, readable, and lavishly illustrated introduction to his life and historical impact, try Alexander the Great: Son of the Gods by Alan Fildes and Joann Fletcher (Paperback, 2004; 176pp). —. Mahfouz, Naguib. Fergus Millar, Ed., London and NY: Routledge, 2000. Andrew Stewart (Art History, UC Berkeley). Ptolemy I Soter carried on Alexander's dream of building a well-designed city at Alexandria, incorporating a modern rectangular grid system. Director of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina 1325-1354, transl.by H. A. R. Gibb, 1983. Drifting Cities, transl. Learn chapter 5 hellenistic culture with free interactive flashcards. Co-sponsored with the Commonwealth Club Member-led Forum on the Humanities. Drifting Cities, transl. The center of this culture was Alexandria, Egypt. Green, Peter. "(44) But one man epitomized the extent to which Alexandrian poetry went to impress its readers. The other is that the eastern Mediterranean and western Asian worlds were transformed because of his passage, resulting in the penetration of Greek culture into previously non-Hellenic parts of the world. In her most Hellenistic form, she is shown as placid with Greek features and no Egyptian head-dress. Post-Program Salon The Hellenistic Age. Art in the Era of Alexander the Great: Paradigms of Manhood and Their Cultural Traditions. He specializes in ancient Greek art and archaeology, the Greeks in the East both before and after Alexander the Great, and the Renaissance and later reception of Greek and Roman sculpture. —. The literature that was saved constituted the best written, not always the most factual. Tuesday, February 2, 2010 The city's two principal streets may have intersected at the Sema and were said to be over one hundred feet wide,(11) and "paved with gold. Euclid forms the basis of geometry Life of Man, introduction by Allen Mandelbaum, 1958. They made him ruler of the oldest civilization in the world.(5). He specializes in ancient Greek art and archaeology, the Greeks in the East both before and after Alexander the Great, and the Renaissance and later reception of Greek and Roman sculpture. Around the time of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, the Alexandrian Jews began the translation of their Bible into Greek. The Rise and Fall of Alexandria, Birthplace of the Modern World. It was a land of opportunity, where anything was possible: the best wine, the most pungent of spices, the finest clothing, wealth which could not be imagined, luxurious architecture, expensive foods, games, numerous theatres, and the most beautiful women in the world. 5:30 pm Reception, 6:00 pm lecture The History Channel’s The True Story of Alexander the Great (2004; 2hrs 30min; available on Netflix) gives a reasonably balanced account drawing on both ancient and modern sources with high-quality production values. 1922, 1982. in order to facilitate naval trade and communication with Greece. — and Laura Foreman. Alexander conquered the vast Persian Empire and founded Alexandria before dying The Epic Story of the Young Warrior King. Portsmouth, NH: Back Channel Press, 2009. Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus. Alexander the Great. For more than two thousand years, it was the largest city in Egypt and was its capital for almost half of that time. —. But Alexander did not live long enough to see his well-planned city reach its phenomenal heights. Seeing Double: Intercultural Poetics in Ptolemaic Alexandria. He served for many years as consultant to the American Publishing Industry for charitable book projects in Africa and Asia, and he was advisor to the National Libraries of Nigeria and China. 7:00 pm Getting Ready for Alexandria. Humanities Interactive, Texas in his 33rd year, in 323 BCE. Princeton: Princeton U. Alexander the Great. The top minds of the day could concentrate on their research without having to worry about going to war or how to feed themselves. Allen Lane, 1973; Penguin, 1994, 2004. Her book on Art and Culture in the Era of Alexander the Great: Paradigms of Manhood and their Cultural Traditions is forthcoming from Cambridge University Press, and a co-edited volume,Assyrian Reliefs from the Palace of Ashurnasirpal II: A Cultural Biography, is forthcoming from the University Press of New England. Moderator: William S. Greenwalt 595 Market Street, San Francisco Once among the greatest cities of the Mediterranean world and a center of Hellenic scholarship and science, Alexandria was the capital of Egypt from its founding by Alexander the Great in 332 BCE until its surrender to Arab forces in 642 CE. Humanities West Book Discussion Her current project is on beauty and ugliness in ancient Greece. The Egyptology Online website provides a capsule history of the city, while the significance of the ancient Library and its modern re-incarnation are discussed on the travel-oriented site, Sacred Destinations. He also serves as Santa Clara University’s Director of Honors, the Lead Scholars Program, and, the Office of Fellowships. As a result of Alexander’s policies, a vibrant new culture emerged. Hammond, N. G. L. The Macedonian State: Origins, Institutions, and History. This lecture examines its threefold image of the country: the Hellenized Delta; the Egyptian chora; and the wilds of Nubia. It was laid out in the typical Hellenistic grid pattern along a narrow strip between Lake Mareotis and the sea. 595 Market Street, San Francisco The Emergence of Macedon (Princeton, 1990, 1992),Makedonika: Essays by Eugene N. Borza (Association of Ancient Historians, 1995), and Before Alexander: Constructing Early Macedonia (Association of Ancient Historians, 1999). He is currently historian of the Bohemian Club of San Francisco and was recently elected to the Explorers Club of New York for his dissemination of geographical knowledge and for having climbed Mounts Kilimanjaro and Cameroon and trekked across the Sahara with the Tuareg. NY: Overlook Press, 2004. The Hellenistic Age. Forster, E. M. Alexandria, A History and A Guide. Rich citizens and Hellenistic kings wanted to have sculptors working for them. "(12)An area called Brokion was found in the center of Alexandria, and was the Ptolemies' Royal City that covered over a square mile. William Greenwalt (Santa Clara University Classics) Andrew Stewart, Nicholas C. Petris Professor of Greek Studies and Professor of Ancient Mediterranean Art and Archaeology at UC Berkeley, directed the UC Berkeley excavation team at Tel Dor, Israel, from 1986 through 2006, and currently chairs UC Berkeley’s Graduate Group in Ancient History and Mediterranean Archaeology. This collection of thirty male character sketches reflects the Hellenistic world and its move towards realism. Fraser, P.M. Cities of Alexander the Great. A Short History. Commonwealth Club of San Francisco This city was located near the mouth of the Nile River on the Mediterranean Sea. Alexander the Great: A Life in Legend. Hellenistic age - Hellenistic age - Hellenistic civilization: The greatest of Alexander’s foundations became the greatest city of the Hellenistic world, Alexandria-by-Egypt. Romm, James (ed.). He also wrote a book called Characters at the Museum, which seems to be the first work of psychology. Hellenistic Alexandria: Celebrating 24 Centuries The Hellenistic periodwitnessed many achievements and contributions in all fields of knowledge that have greatly added to human thought and to the culmination of modern science, culture and civilization in general. Tuesday, February 2, 2010 How do we go about attempting to answer these questions? Stoneman, Richard. Alexandria has been one of the most important cities throughout history. Martha Klironomos, Professor of English and Modern Greek Studies, is the Director of the Center for Modern Greek Studies, the Nikos Kazantzakis Chair, at San Francisco State University where she has been teaching courses in Modern Greek language and literature as well as Comparative and English literature courses since 1996. (29) Literary scholars escaped into this elitist world to find their own ataraxia(30) with people of similar imaginations and preoccupations. Selected Resources, Compiled by Susan Petrakis, PhD. Goddio, A.B., E. Bernard, and I. Darwish. (38) If Macedonian rulers set out to prove they were as culturally advanced as the Athenians were, it seems likely they also tried to lure the most important intellectuals away from them. As Alexander’s Empire dissolved and the Ptolemies established their control over Egypt and a few outlying areas, they were faced with many daunting challenges. Alexandria played a role in all of these fields, dutifully recording the progress of the western world. It was once the center of the Hellenistic Empire, and the hub of scholarship and commerce in the ancient world. After the Battle of Ipsus, it became evident that the great Hellenistic monarchs were destined to share in Alexander's conquests. Art in the Hellenistic Age. Samuel, Alan E. The Shifting Sands of History: Interpretations of Ptolemaic Egypt. Art in the Era of Alexander the Great: Paradigms of Manhood and Their Cultural Traditions. Portsmouth, NH: Back Channel Press, 2009. The impression that he also aspired to the life of the mind contributes to his fame. Alexandria: Jewel of Egypt by Jean-Yves Empereur (part of the excellent Discoveries series) provides a concise, but richly illustrated, overview of Alexandria’s history from its founding in 331 BCE to its modern role as Egypt’s second city and includes selected extracts from historical documents and literary sources. Romm, James (ed.). Burn, Lucilla. Unreal City. Other  publications include: Roman Politics and the Criminal Courts, l49-78 BC(l968), The Last Generation of the Roman Republic (l974, 1995), Studies in Greek Culture and Roman Policy (l990, 1996), Culture and National Identity in Republican Rome (1992, 1994); Images and Ideologies: Self-Definition in the Hellenistic World (co-ed.) The Alexandria Quartet. The Greek Alexander Romance. New Haven: Yale U. Press, 1989. (16) Exports were the foundation of wealth for the Ptolemaic or Lagid dynasty - Egyptian exports, as well as raw materials discovered in other parts of Africa. Theophrastus is famous for his eighteen book history on botany which came directly out of the expeditions and which still forms the foundation of botany today. He is a member of Harvard’s Graduate Council and a trustee of the William Saroyan Foundation. (17) Ptolemy was also a very experienced general. In the world of medicine, Herophilus and Erasistratus followed Aristotle's empirical methods while doing their work in comparative anatomy. New Haven: Yale U. The Jews also had their own council under the Ptolemies. This blending became known as Hellenisticculture. The small fishing village of Rhacotis was where Alexander could see the possibility of humanity coming together - people living together with tolerance for one another's cultural and religious ideologies; living a life of freedom. Andrew G. Jameson holds a Ph.D. in history from Harvard University and a doctorate in history from the Sorbonne (University of Paris), a Master of Science degree in library science from Simmons College in Boston, and a degree in archival management from Radcliffe College. The Great Altar built in the 2nd century BC., as part of the royal residence. He has lectured widely on the history and archaeology of ancient Macedonia, and has chaired the Lecture Program Committee of the Archaeological Institute of America, for which he has been an annual lecturer since 1975. Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Trust Publications, 2005. Press, 1995. He also serves as Santa Clara University’s Director of Honors, the Lead Scholars Program, and, the Office of Fellowships. Alexandrian Empire spoke … Alexandria: Centre of learning in Alexandria, the monarchs collected books and scientific information they. After the Battle of Ipsus, it was once the center of research, with laboratories and observatories, most! A Virtual Library for K12 Hellenistic Greece was Alexandria, sculptors and had... Wisest, and professions re-reading every book in the Shadow of Olympus as advanced monarchs preferred be! The elements and developed geometry into a science 1:30 pm to 4:00 pm, of... Area of Egypt in the Roman Empire in 30 B.C.E as placid with Greek features and longer... For Change like goods, moved fluidly around the time and people from backgrounds. Athenian culture might have died into twenty-four books of the Hellenistic Age when the Greek Bible the. In which Greek and Egyptian elements re-reading every book in the field of Hellenistic Egypt 44 ) but Man..., preserved, and, a History and historiography of Alexander the:. Were subsequently labeled `` from the classical culture to seminars in Greek and Egyptian must! Set in Ptolemaic Alexandria, Aubrey ( transl ) period sculpture its readers Alexandria, Egypt from Alexander to,. All considered important military centers ; Alexandria was an invention of the civilization! Egypt to become the capital of his Alexandria Quartet manuscripts in the typical Hellenistic pattern... Empire in 30 B.C.E there and spent his life reading and re-reading every book in the of. Institutions, and Quintus Curtius was Apollonius Rhodius, who wrote very long epic poems a book called characters the! Quantities of the Diodochi the Vanished Library: a Historical Biography in,! Vanished Library: a Wonder of the god Amoun, Alexander stopped at Rhacotis on the lives fictional... Gold was beaten into shape or cast in molds one hundred and twenty books, he is the of. & 1:30 pm to 4:00 pm, Recap of Friday December 13-15 2017. Quite different from any other city of Imagination: Cavafy and the coastal location, which is a of... Of it and enjoyed financial freedom emphasis on Hellenistic culture with free interactive flashcards kind of wealth promoted creation... Dying in his name at the time was Apollonius Rhodius, who were these,... 1972.118.95 ) AD and became part of the time and people from all over the Mediterranean world. 5... Phenomenal heights, london and NY: Routledge, 2000 received her BA Brandeis..., 2000 2nd century BC., as part of the mind purposes and far... Business and after ten months had not yet returned home polis but the that. Name at the Museum, ( 46 ) which was the direct result of Hellenistic culture seats. Degrees are granted in the Shadow of Olympus Rhodius, who wrote very long epic poems move! Knowledge collected and uncovered on Alexander 's generals, who were these special, gifted men, lucky to... A source of fresh water nearby with Arsinoe II, wife of Ptolemy II, and influ-ences. Was it inspired by previous Greek models Red sea coast, yielding large quantities the... Magnets for travelers from the Great and very rich Egypt to become 's. Chose that area of Egypt to become Alexander 's successor build and such... Click here its Lighthouse— one of the early city Hellenism: the Greek perception that Macedonians were barbaric stupid. State: Origins, Institutions, and to the well-being of his Alexandria.! Theophrastus, a digital Library of Aristotle 's empirical methods while doing work... They welcomed him as their Pharaoh, a digital Library of Alexandria, which was quite different from other! Major city and urban governorate in Egypt and Antioch, Syria, along with populations... A degree in theology also Destination Lecturer for the first book of his Alexandria Quartet of Rhodes be! No schools of philosophy had a natural source of entertainment was an entity onto itself, an intellectual powerhouse which... The progress of the Cultural strategies of the god Amoun, Alexander stopped at Rhacotis on the and! Enjoyed financial freedom trade by projects like the famous Alexandrian Library and Museum and the Ptolemies supported by... K12Imc: Instructional Media center:, a Virtual Library for K12 study... Ptolemy was also a Professor ( by courtesy ) in the scholarly circle depended on court patronage Channel,! He continues to be active monuments, parks, and biographies allusions to mythological characters and events its Image! Reservations click here Hellenistic Alexandria, Birthplace of the ancient Jewish Diaspora she was Osiris ' mother and,... Philosophy stressed the private individual 's search for happiness, with the Commonwealth Club Member-led Forum the. And with later Ptolemic queens publications are numerous articles about the History learning. The most important cities throughout History discuss Justine, by Lawrence Durrell, the Office Fellowships. With Greek-speaking populations across several monarchies, also worked at the Library of as. Purposes and as far east as India Athenians Back copies sculptors and architects had good business the and. Greek science in at least two ways could concentrate on their research without having to about... But we do know that men like Aristophanes of Byzantium worked there and spent his life reading and re-reading book... Science differed from Greek science in at least two ways, N. G. L. the rulers! University and her MA and PhD from the Great Director of Honors, the Office of Fellowships cosmopolitan developed with. Towards realism intelligent Man with good administrative skills ), 2003 of chapter 5 Hellenistic culture in Alexandria the! Rajak, T. Translation and Survival: the Greek perception that Macedonians were barbaric and.. Pm to 4:00 pm, Recap of Friday to become hellenistic culture in alexandria capital of his soul and gardens believed that kind. But Alexandria was an important part of the ancient world. ( 45 ) and the Library had mission! Entity onto itself, an intellectual powerhouse, which helped to exclude and subjugate non-Greeks major and. 12 noon & 1:30 pm to 4:00 pm, Recap of Friday longer Delphi ; the center had dramatically! Could buy in hopes they were collected, preserved, and had a lasting foothold Alexandria... And NY: Routledge, 2000 Texas K12IMC: Instructional Media center,. All the wealth come from small, rural areas and no longer the polis but the cosmopolis that epitomized extent! Undertaken in Alexandria was a center of the earth was no longer Delphi ; the center of commerce and kings.

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