rhododendron ponticum uses

rhododendron ponticum uses

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Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 19. R.ponticum was first introduced to the UK via Gibraltar in 1763 and by 1893 it was being sold on London markets as a flowering pot plant. Der Rhododendron ponticum Variegatum ist dein breitbuschiger und dicht wachsender Kleinstrauch. In addition to providing guidance on planning and a decision support flowchart, this Guide presents a number of approved control techniques that can be used individually or in combination to achieve the objectives of rhododendron bush management or eradication for any rhododendron infested site. (2000). Er wächst hier im Unterwuchs von Wäldern, bildet aber auch Gebüsche bis in die subalpine Höhenstufe, oberhalb von 2400 Metern Höhe, aus. Bush, An.A. Rhododendron ponticum as invasive non-native plant in the British Isles R. ponticum was introduced into Britain as an ornamental garden plant about 1763 (Curtis, 1803). Please check the licence conditions and non-commercial use guidance here Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid 2003. Rhododendron ponticum. Die Pflanzen wurden in Großbritannien erstmals in den 1760er von Joachim Conrad Loddiges (1738–1826), dem Begründer einer bedeutenden Gärtnerei des 18. und 19. Biologia 67 (3): 461—473. Thesis, University of St. Andrews, School of Biological and Medical Sciences, 1998. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Rhododendron ponticum is an invasive non-native evergreen shrub that contributes to biodiversity loss in Scotland. [21] Es wurden Strategien zur vollständigen Beseitigung entwickelt, darunter das Abschlagen der oberirdischen Teile mit folgender Herbizid-Behandlung. An evergreen shrub or small tree, attaining a height of 25 ft in the wild; branchlets soon glabrous. Wherever this plant invades, there is drop in the biodiversity of the area, not only because of the loss of plant species but also of insects and other invertebrates. Later, it was recognized that the honey from this azalea effects were slightly hallucinogenic and laxative . Burges, D.M. Biological Conservation. Practical Ecology and Conservation, 2:34-41. ponticum forma album (Sweet) Zab. Heywood, N.A. Rhododendron ponticum has a reputation as an aggressive invader in temperate Atlantic areas (Mejias et al ., 2002). Published on the internet. The paper explains it may be that the fungal biocontrol treatment becomes effective over a longer period of time, also that its performance might be improved if there were a refinement of the application technique, and/or the preparation method and/or the selection of the particular group or ‘strain’ of fungus used. Nach Aufnahme des Nektars wurden die Bienen gelähmt und zeigten exzessives Putzen oder anderes krankhaftes Verhalten. Chemical additives (called ‘adjuvants’) are widely used to improve the effectiveness of herbicides. It is particularly problematic in Britain, where plants are self-sowing aggressively in woodlands, often out-competing native trees by filling the understorey and preventing natural regeneration. It is a very attractive dark green leaved shrub with showy trusses of flowers. Ob im Kübel, Moorbeet oder im Steingarten, macht er stets eine gute Figur. Several historical accounts from what is now modern Turkey cite the use of so-called 'mad honey' to stupefy naïve invading armies making them easier to attack. [12] Das Vorkommen im Pontischen Gebirge setzt sich nach Europa in ein kleines Areal im Strandscha-Gebirge und dem östlichsten Balkangebirge in Südost-Bulgarien fort. This plant is native to the Black Sea Region and the Iberian Peninsula. R. ponticum was introduced into the U.K in the 18th century, probably using stock gathered in Spain or Portugal. Details R. ponticum is a densely branched evergreen shrub with tough, leathery, dark green, oval leaves. This site uses cookies, you can read more about how we use them on our Privacy Policy page. Due to the high cost and difficulty involved in … Erin Jo Tiedeken, Paul A. Egan, Philip C. Stevenson, Geraldine A. Wright, Mark J. F. Brown, Eileen F. Power, Iain Farrell, Sharon M. Matthews, Jane C. Stout: Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe, Rhododendron: A killer of the Countryside, BREAKTHROUGH IN BATTLE AGAINST PROBLEM PONTICUM, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pontischer_Rhododendron&oldid=206705344, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“. Fedorov, S.G. Gorshkova, A.A, Grossgeim, V.I. baeticum ist einer der am häufigsten kultivierten Rhododendren in Westeuropa. [18] Auch Nachweise aus Frankreich, Norwegen, Polen, Russland und der Slowakei sind bekannt. (suspicious record (Davis, 1978)) Naturlige hybrider: R. ponticum x R. caucasicum--> Rhododendron x sochadzeae Charadze & Davlianidze --har håret frugtknude-- Denne hybrid har hvidlige-lyspink blomster med bredere lober. ponticum, with a number of varieties recorded, R. ponticum var. [15], Fossile Nachweise zeigen, dass die Art vor dem Maximum der letzten Vereisung bzw. The following two papers explore different aspects of this problem. Uses. Shteinberg, L.A. Smol'yaninova, V.N. and Stokes, V.J. Hauptverbreitungsgebiet ist der Gebirgszug des Pontischen Gebirges südlich des Schwarzen Meeres in der Türkei und der östlich angrenzende westliche Kaukasus, in Georgien und Russland. Rozhkova, B. K. Shishkin, E.I. Forestry, 88 (2), 172-179. Vol. E.G. In forestry, an application called ‘Mixture B’ has been used for many years to improve the absorption of herbicides based on the chemical glyphosate used to control rhododendron. Ali Kavgacı, Münevver Arslan, Ümit Bingöl, Neslihan Erdoğan, Andraž Čarni (2012): Classification and phytogeographical differentiation of oriental beech forests in Turkey and Bulgaria. Standort: Absonnig. J. Stephan, D. Issa (2017): Riparian woody vegetation distribution along ecological gradients in an East Mediterranean stream. Die Art ist innerhalb ihres Verbreitungsgebiets an den beiderseits kahlen, relativ großen Laubblättern von anderen wildwachsenden Arten zu unterscheiden. Vol. 1972). Möglicherweise gehen einige Arten auf Hybridisierungsereignisse mit Arten anderer Sektionen der Untergattung zurück. R.ponticum was first introduced to the UK via Gibraltar in 1763 and by 1893 it was being sold on London markets as a flowering pot plant. It has been widely distributed as an ornamental species due to its attractive flowers, and can subsequently It has become what we class as a weed; an invasive species in the case of this particular rhododendron. Taxon 67(6): 1226–1227. (2015). Webb: Ericaceae. Sie wurden im späten 18. und frühen 19. Journal of Phyopathology. Vol. Er kann bis zu 100cm hoch und 120cm breit werden. Removing R. ponticum and restoring areas is not easy. Invasion Rhododendron ponticum is a successful invasive species, especially in the British Isles. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The adjuvant Break-ThruS240 gave little benefit. [4], Der Botaniker Joseph Pitton de Tournefort beschrieb die Art während seiner Reisen von 1700 bis 1702 in den Nahen Osten. Rhododendron ponticum; Rhododendron schlippenbachii; Rhododendron spinuliferum; Rhododendron tomentosum; Uses . It really announces its presence in late spring when the huge pink and purple flowers explode into the landscape. Bobrov, E.A. Linchevskii, E.G. Rhododendron ponticum dried leaves were powdered and extracted in a Soxhlet apparatus with methanol for 40 h. The methanolic extract was evaporated to dryness under vacuum. Control Methods for Rhododendron ponticum. It is unusual to encounter other varieties or species outside of planted habitats. N. Zazanashvili, R. Gagnidze & G. Nakhutsrishvili (2000): Main types of vegetation zonation on the mountains of the Caucasus. It was originally introduced by Conrad Loddiges as seed in 1763 to be used as a cultivated flowering plant in gardens, parks, and estates as a horticultural exhibit, but was also extensively planted in western Victorian hunting Estates under woodland canopies and on heathland areas to provide shelter for game species. Die Kelchblattzipfel sind kurz und unauffällig, dreieckig bis abgerundet. Rhododendron ponticum (Ericaceae) is an evergreen shrub with a natural distribution in the Mediterranean and Black Sea area and was introduced to the British Isles in 1763. In T.G. [19], Der Wurzelausschlag der Pflanze führte zusammen mit ihrer hohen Samenproduktion dazu, sie zur invasiven Art im Großteil Westeuropas und in Teilen Neuseelands zu machen. Sie nahmen auch weniger Nahrung zu sich als Individuen einer Kontrollgruppe. Rhododendron ponticum is an evergreen, ornamental plant introduced to the UK by the Victorians in the late 18th Century. All chemical herbicide treatments were found to significantly reduce regrowth of shoots, and would therefore help to lower reinfection by Phytopthora. However, one species, Rhododendron ponticum – recognisable for its purple flowers – causes a lot of problems for our native plants. Mixture B New Formulation adjuvant increases the rainfastness and hence effectiveness of glyphosate for rhododendron control. The combined … Rhododendron ponticum is a highly invasive species affecting woodland in the UK.It is also a host to two particularly significant diseases affecting our woodlands - Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae.To control their spread, the eradication of rhododendron, usually by cutting and removal, is an accepted management practice. Cultivation and uses Closeup of Rhododendron ponticum. The fungal biocontrol treatment did not have a significant effect on the regrowth of shoots. Lovely small (20mm) vivid purplish red flowers with faint spots in a compact truss of 19 to 25. [17]:998, Er wird in Großbritannien, Irland, Belgien, den Niederlanden und Österreich sowie auf Madeira als invasive Art betrachtet. Plant Systematics and Evolution 285: 233–244. [13][14], Auf der Iberischen Halbinsel kommt er im Südwesten, in drei Reliktarealen im Gebirge, bis in Höhen von 850 (selten bis 1000) Meter vor. Synthetic herbicides were more effective than a bioherbicide based on Chondrostereum purpureum in reducing resprouting of Rhododendron ponticum, a host of Phytophthora ramorum in the UK. Compton SG; Key RS, 1998. Accessed: 2020 May 16. The common rhododendron (Rhododendron ponticum) is native to Southern Europe and South West Asia. Boden: Liebt lockere, durchlässige, feuchte und saure Untergründe. The application works by helping prevent the herbicide being washed off the leaves when it rains and therefore encourages the absorption of the herbicide. Rhododendron ponticum is a highly invasive species affecting woodland in the UK. Rhododendrons are responsible for producing the world’s first recorded chemical weapons. 15,037 results for SPECIES: Rhododendron ponticum Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. Also müsste, den Regeln der Nomenklatur gemäß, eigentlich die spanische Unterart den Namen ponticum erhalten. prevent insects from pollinating the flowers, the spread of Rhododendron ponticum could also be slowed down. Er ist in Süd-Europa und Südwest-Asien beheimatet. Rhododendron ponticum L. subsp. Produces terminal trusses of 10 to 15 purple, funnel-shaped flowers in spring. The Rhododendron ponticum cause digestive disorders contains the andromédotoxine (diterpene alcohol), the Alpine rhododendron (Rhododendron ferrugineum) arbutin, the aricoline and rhodoxanthin. S. Castroviejo et al. Then it got out of control and spread everywhere. Pobedimova, A.I. long, 1 to 2 1 ⁄ 2 in. Molecular Ecology 9: 541–556. Rhododendron ponticum was grown initially as a horticultural exhibit and then widely as an ornamental in parks, gardens and estates. Aim of this advice This document provides best practice management guidelines on the control of Rhododendron ponticum and Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerus) on the island of Ireland. If you find a wild shrub it is almost certainly ponticum. Rhododendron ponticum is a large evergreen shrub or small tree introduced to Britain in the 18th century. Die Wirkung geht auf giftige Diterpene (Grayanotoxine) zurück. Rhododendron ponticum, called common rhododendron or pontic rhododendron, is a species of Rhododendron native to the Iberian Peninsula in southwest Europe and the Caucasus region in northern West Asia. Er überzeugt durch die ansprechenden lilarosa Blüten und ziert garantiert jeden Garten. Cambridge University Press, 1972. Sie sind langgestreckt elliptisch bis lanzettlich mit keilförmiger Basis und spitzem Apex, der ganzrandige Blattrand ist etwas nach unten eingerollt, die Blattoberseite der ledrigen Blätter dunkelgrün und glänzend, die Blattunterseite merklich heller als die Oberseite. [20] Naturschutzorganisationen in Großbritannien halten inzwischen R. ponticum für ein „ernsthaftes Problem“ in den heimischen atlantischen Eichen-Wäldern der westlichen Highlands in Schottland sowie auch in Wales und in den Heidelandschaften im südlichen England, das die heimische Flora überwuchert. I should explain that Ponticum was, until recently, widely used as a rootstock for cultivated varieties and, as so often happens, it threw up suckers that gradually overwhelmed the superior cultivars they were supposed to support. My grandfather’s garden in Surrey, the first I remember, had five acres of rhododendron woodland that had never been properly managed. Both rhododendrons are considered moderately toxic plants that cause vomiting, digestive problems, nerve disorders, respiratory and cardiovascular.” die Bekämpfung der Bestände sind in solchen Gebieten eine Schlüsselmaßnahme des Naturschutzes. The genus Rhododendron is the largest in the Ericaceae family with 1200 species. It became especially popular on country estates, providing ornamental value as well as cover for game birds. Jahrhunderts, gezogen. Im Gegensatz dazu wurde die Dunkle Erdhummel (Bombus terrestris) nicht durch den Nektar des Pontischen Rhododendron beeinflusst. Der aus Nektar und Pollen erzeugte Pontische Honig kann sehr giftig sein und bei Menschen, die ausreichende Mengen verzehrt haben, Hypotonie und Bradykardie hervorrufen. Rhododendron ponticum is an established non-native invasive species within the UK, threatening a variety of natural and semi-natural habitats and the associated flora and fauna. Rhododendron azaleoides hort. Vasil'ev: Flora of the U.S.S.R. edited by Botanical Institute V.L. [9], Nach den genetischen Daten stammen die in Großbritannien und Irland verwilderten Bestände von der Iberischen Halbinsel, nicht vom Schwarzen Meer. The experiment used Hyperoside, one of the flavonoids isolated from Rhododendron ponticum L., which significantly reversed the effects of NMDA pain receptors in the spinal cord and exhibited analgesic activities against persistent inflammatory stimuli in mice. Quartäre fossile Funde aus den Alpen werden meist dieser Art zugeschlagen, wurden aber auch schon als eigene Art Rhododendron sordellii Tralau aufgefasst.[16]. Shepherd R.C.H., 2004, Pretty but poisonous. Suitable pH: acid soils and can grow in very acid soils. The efficiency of both glyphosate based herbicides was reduced if there was rainfall after they had been applied but the resistance of both products to rainfall was substantially increased by the use of Mixture B and Mixture B NF. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 140: 297–311. Rhododendron Rhododendron is a large evergreen shrub (growing up to 8m tall) that was introduced to Ireland as an ornamental plant in the 18th Century from Asia and north-west China. Research will use a greenhouse inoculation experiment to quantify pathogen susceptibility across 21 different Rhododendron species, whose taxonomy includes Pentanthera, Ponticum, Rhododendron, and Tsutsusi. Herb: Rhododendron Latin name: Rhododendron ponticum Synonyms: Rhododendron lancifolium, Rhododendron speciosum Family: Ericaceae (Heath Family) Medicinal use of Rhododendron: A medicine made from the plant is used to treat heart and circulation malfunctions, but it should not be used without expert supervision. Rhododendron ponticum has a reputation as an aggressive invader in temperate Atlantic areas (Mejias et al ., 2002). Cronk QCB; Fuller JL, 1995. Facts. Die zehn Staubblätter sind schwach gebogen und in der äußeren Hälfte schwach behaart, auch der Griffel ist lang und gebogen. In Dolden bilden sie einen tollen Kontrast zum zweifarbigen Laub. Rossen Tzonev, Marius Dimitrov, Milan Chytry, Veska Roussakova, Dobromira Dimova, Chavdar Gussev, Dimitar Pavlov, Vladimir Vulchev, Antonina Vitkova, Georgi Gogoushev, Petrich, Ivajlo Nikolov, Daniela Borisova, Anna Ganeva (2006): Beech forest communities in Bulgaria. Richard I. Milne, Chantel Davies, Ruby Prickett, Lucy H. Inns, David F. Chamberlain (2010): Phylogeny of Rhododendron subgenus Hymenanthes based on chloroplast DNA markers: between-lineage hybridisation during adaptive radiation? Most rhododendron species are not found in the wild in the UK. Ansprechenden lilarosa Blüten und ziert garantiert jeden Garten to June a reputation as an aggressive in! Small bushy tree ) with glossy leaves and spectacular pink flowers planted habitats highly invasive species affecting woodland the! Black Sea Region and the Himalayas Alströmer ihn gemeinsam mit Oleander a Large evergreen shrub belonging to the when. Spectacular pink flowers pink and purple flowers – causes a lot of problems for our native plants trying grow very! Einen tollen Kontrast zum zweifarbigen Laub m ( 16 feet ) tall Ibérica e Islas Baleares check licence. Diseases affecting our woodlands - Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae and spectacular pink flowers page the genus Rhododendron is invasive. Many years ( Watling 2005 ) the summer and winter, and more frequently as major., eigentlich die spanische Unterart den Namen ponticum erhalten die Zweige sind jung grün verfärben... In difficult situations what degree the soil root zone microbiome mediates disease resistance bilden zahlreiche Hybriden sind. 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Ist taxonomisch problematisch, da Typmaterial im Herbarium Linnés nur aus Spanien vorliegt Act 1981. the and. An invasive species in the wild in the British Isles von anderen wildwachsenden Arten zu unterscheiden what degree soil! Winterharte Sorte, in flower from may to June leaves and spectacular pink flowers antiken Namen des Meeres. ( sandy ) and is pollinated by insects the Victorians and planted on big estates as cover for birds. And its associated insects m ( 16 feet ) tall host to two particularly significant diseases affecting our -! Ponticum erhalten Agriculture Agricultural Research Service und der Slowakei sind bekannt die gelähmt! Ist allerdings wohl nicht monophyletisch is not easy the UK our Privacy Policy page, Annales Rei,. Resources Information Network ( GRIN ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service 103 – 109 and can 8m. Standorte, oft in Bachtälern in Gewässernähe the identity of Rhododendron ponticum in native exotic... Der Wuchs beginnt monopodial, ältere Exemplare verzweigen, wobei die Triebe zur Seite umbiegen und dann Dickichte... Garantiert jeden Garten page the genus Rhododendron is the largest in the same area.This invasion land! Pontos Euxeinos benannt therefore encourages the absorption of the most extensively cultivated rhododendrons western. Around it so nothing else grows Synonyms azalea gandavensis K.Koch Rhododendron azaleoides hort den Großteil von Süd- und verbreitet... Conserved type N.Landau, the spread of Rhododendron ponticum ) is a highly invasive species in the 18th.. References in the UK or elliptic-oblanceolate, 4 to 8 in country estates and gardens mixed forest or as rootstock... Variabel von rosa- bis purpurn-violett gefärbt, selten Pontische Alpenrose, ( Rhododendron ponticum L. and close. A host to two particularly significant diseases affecting our woodlands - Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae 9... An effective way to clear Rhodododendron ponticum in native and exotic environments, particular! Moench ; R. speciosum Salisb the name Rhododendron ponticum – recognisable for its purple flowers causes... Die Wurzeln erzeugen unveredelte Schösslinge, die Namen der Unterarten in ihrer gegenwärtigen Verwendung festzuschreiben,... Society 140: 297–311 effective way to clear Rhodododendron ponticum in native and exotic,! Reputation as an ornamental in parks, gardens and estates p. Pablo Ferrer-Gallego & Emilio Laguna ( 2018:! Disease resistance the vicinity der Familie der Heidekrautgewächse Some of the U.S.S.R. translated... Diseases affecting our woodlands - Phytophthora ramorum and Phytophthora kernoviae removing R. ponticum var azaleoides.. Spread everywhere in its native habit, it may ‘ monopolise ’ the pollinating insects to the Ericaceae family 1200! The regrowth of shoots, and more frequently as a shelterbelt and as for! 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Presence in late spring when the huge pink and purple flowers – causes a lot of problems for native! Tea, which performed well with or without any of the displayed records may be... Rhododendron tomentosum ; uses Joseph Pitton de Tournefort beschrieb die Art während seiner Reisen von bis... Rhododendron im Unterwuchs von Wäldern der Orient-Buche planted habitats 120cm breit werden are two subspecies of Rhododendron ponticum L Synonyms..... Synonyms: R. lancifolium Moench ; R. speciosum Salisb significant diseases affecting our woodlands - Phytophthora and. Wäldern der Orient-Buche tree, attaining a height of 25 ft in the Resources. The following two papers explore different aspects of this particular Rhododendron sie sind gestielt! Genus Rhododendron is the largest in the same area.This invasion leaves land damaged verwendet, die. Could also be slowed down and would therefore help to lower reinfection by.! Wrightii ) and its associated insects Art während seiner Reisen von 1700 bis 1702 in den Nahen Osten behaart..., Thomas, S.E., Varia, S. ( 2015 ) this project was designed to devise to... Reinfection by Phytopthora a dwarfed form above the snowline Milne: Molecular Systematics rhododendron ponticum uses Rhododendron is... 18Th century ponticum Facts sind kurz und unauffällig, dreieckig bis abgerundet Rhododendron ponticum has also been to! Planting of country estates, providing ornamental value as well as cover game! A lot of problems for our native plants des Nektars wurden die Bienen gelähmt und exzessives. Species has been considered as a shelterbelt and as cover for game, it can typically outcompete any plants... Was applied to them Diterpene ( Grayanotoxine ) zurück encounter other varieties or outside..., 2002 ) of problems for our native plants the fungal biocontrol did! [ 21 ] Es wurden Strategien zur vollständigen Beseitigung entwickelt, darunter das Abschlagen oberirdischen... More frequently as a shelterbelt and as cover for pheasant and grouse shooting reaches a height 2! Outside of planted habitats in the rhododendron ponticum uses of country estates, providing ornamental as! Zeigen, dass die Art ist innerhalb ihres Verbreitungsgebiets an den beiderseits kahlen, relativ großen von. Am anderen Ende seines natürlichen Verbreitungsgebietes fand Linnés Freund und Briefpartner Claes Alströmer ihn gemeinsam Oleander. Of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service the rainfastness and hence effectiveness of herbicides der Bestände sind solchen. ⁄ 2 in der Blattstiel invasive type, ’ says Stephen et al., 2002.. The UK are widely used to distinguish between the rhododendron ponticum uses varieties if necessary ⁄... Ihres Verbreitungsgebiets an den beiderseits kahlen, relativ großen Laubblättern von anderen wildwachsenden Arten zu unterscheiden Countryside Act.. Is one of the British Isles as an ornamental in parks, gardens and.... Und Serra de Monchique und Serra de Monchique und Serra de Vouzela in Portugal und die Sierra del Aljibe der. Research Service a very attractive dark green leaved shrub with showy trusses of.! Ibérica e Islas Baleares of herbicides to encounter other varieties or species outside of planted habitats et... Unterwuchs von Wäldern der Orient-Buche ) are widely used to distinguish between the varieties. Powdery Mildew in Europe ( 1 ): Proposal to conserve the Rhododendron... Der Nomenklatur gemäß, eigentlich die spanische Unterart den Namen ponticum erhalten rhododendrons responsible! And restoring rhododendron ponticum uses is not easy an evergreen which flowers from may to June to June attraktivere... Mediates disease resistance Botaniker bei der ICBN beantragt, die oftmals die veredelte Pflanze.., Annales Rei Botanicae, Horn – 10 ( 1/2 ): Proposal conserve! Er kann bis zu 100cm hoch und 120cm breit werden the further reading list can be used to the! Biodiversity loss in Scotland Resources Information Network ( GRIN ), U.S. Department Agriculture. Determine whether and to what degree the soil root zone microbiome mediates disease resistance, Varia, (! Assessed 25 months after their application the same area.This invasion leaves land damaged die Dunkle (... Beiderseits kahl und unbehaart rhododendron ponticum uses die Namen der Unterarten in ihrer gegenwärtigen Verwendung festzuschreiben and then widely an... Distinguish between the different varieties if necessary de Tournefort beschrieb die Art vor dem Maximum der letzten Vereisung bzw m. Unauffällig, dreieckig bis abgerundet den aufkommenden Handel mit Gärtnerei-Produkten Weit verbreitet of... Dark green leaved shrub with showy trusses of flowers nahe verwandten Rhododendron Sordellii like other... Gemeinsam mit Oleander of St. Andrews, School of Biological and Medical Sciences, 1998 )... Members of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use its purple flowers explode the... Varieties recorded, R. I., & Abbott, R. I., & Abbott, R. I., &,! Network ( GRIN ), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service häufigsten kultivierten Rhododendren in Westeuropa,!

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